dielectric propagation log

1. n. [Formation Evaluation]
A log of the high-frequency (on the order of 25 MHz) dielectric properties of the formation. The log usually includes two curves the relative dielectric permittivity, symbolized by epsilon which is unitless, and the resistivity in ohm-m. At the frequency used, water molecules have a strong effect on the dielectric properties, so that both relative dielectric permittivity and conductivity increase with the volume of water present. Relative dielectric permittivity can be used to distinguish hydrocarbons from water of any salinity. However, the effect of salinity is more important than the salinity effect with the high-frequency electromagnetic propagation log, and the interpretation is more complex. The advantage of the dielectric propagation log is that the lower frequency permits a larger depth of investigation and therefore an analysis of the undisturbed zone.