distributed temperature log

1. n. [Production Logging]
A record of the change in temperature along a well, normally recorded by a fiber-optic cable. The distributed temperature is measured by sending a pulse of laser light down the optical fiber. Molecular vibration, which is directly related to temperature, creates weak reflected signals. These signals are detected at the surface and converted to a log of temperature along the well, sampled approximately every 1 m [3.28 ft] with a resolution of 0.1oC. The fiber-optic cable is normally installed at the time of well completion, so that the distributed-temperature log can be recorded at any later time without well intervention. Introduced in the mid-1990s, the technique can also be used to measure flow rates by creating a temperature transient and observing its movement along the well.