1. adj. [Formation Evaluation]
Referring to a borehole-compensation scheme for sonic logs that combines measurements taken when the logging tool is at two different depths in the borehole. In normal borehole-compensation schemes, the effects of caves and sonde tilt are minimized by combining measurements from a second transmitter (T2) above a pair of receivers with those from the first transmitter (T1) below the receivers. This arrangement makes the logging tool unacceptably long for the long-spacing sonic log. In the depth-derived system, T2 is located below T1, at a distance equal to the receiver spacing. T1 is fired and the transit time between the receivers at depth z (TT1z) is recorded as usual. Then when T1 and T2 are at depth z, both are fired sequentially and the difference in time for their signals to reach one of the receivers is recorded (TT2z). The average of TT1z and TT2z is borehole-compensated since the acoustic signals traveled in opposite directions for the two measurements.