1. n. [Geophysics]
A method of calculating the position of marine seismic equipment. Range measurements are made whereby distance is equal to acoustic signal traveltime from transmitter to hydrophone multiplied by the speed of sound in water. When sufficient acoustic ranges with a proper geometric distribution are collected, location coordinates x, y and z of the marine seismic equipment can be computed by the method of trilateration (measuring the lengths of the sides of overlapping triangles). Acoustic positioning is commonly used in towed streamer and ocean-bottom cable seismic acquisition modes.