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dolomitization

1. n. [Geology]

The geochemical process in supratidal sabkha areas where magnesium [Mg] ions from the evaporation of seawater replace calcium [Ca] ions in calcite, forming the mineral dolomite. The volume of dolomite is less than that of calcite, so the replacement of calcite by dolomite in a rock increases the pore space in the rock by 13% and forms an important reservoir rock. Dolomitization can occur during deep burial diagenesis.

See: carbonatediagenetic porositydolostonesecondary porosity

Diagenetic dolomite
Photomicrograph of diagenetic dolomite.

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